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Number of posts : 73
Registration date : 2010-09-16

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PostSubject: Brazilian Second Republic   Brazilian Second Republic Icon_minitimeMon Sep 20, 2010 8:21 am

The "early republican government was little more than a military dictatorship. The army dominated affairs both at Rio de Janeiro and in the states. Freedom of the press disappeared and elections were controlled by those in power".[65] In 1894 the republican civilians rose to power, opening a "prolonged cycle of civil war, financial disaster, and government incompetence."[76] By 1902, the government began a return to the policies pursued during the Empire, policies that promised peace and order at home and a restoration of Brazil's prestige abroad.[76] and was successful in negotiating several treaties that expanded (with the purchase of Acre) and secured the Brazilian boundaries.[77]

In the 1920s the country was plagued by several rebellions caused by young military officers.[78][79] By 1930, the regime was weakened and demoralized, which allowed the defeated presidential candidate Getúlio Vargas to lead a coup d'état and assume the presidency.[80] Vargas was supposed to assume the presidency temporarily but instead, he closed the National Congress, extinguished the Constitution, ruled with emergency powers and replaced the states' governors with his supporters.[81][82]

In 1935 Communists rebelled across the country and made an unsuccessful bid for power.[83] The communist threat, however, served as an excuse for Vargas to launch another coup d'état in 1937 and Brazil became a full dictatorship.[84][85] The repression of the opposition was brutal with more than 20,000 people imprisoned, internment camps created for political prisoners in distant regions of the country, widespread torture by the government agents of repression, and censorship of the press

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